This is Japan's main island, and its largest. It presents birders with plentiful opportunities to seek out widespread residents, regional and national endemics, migrants and vagrants. There are interesting sites to visit in just about every prefecture from Aomori in the north to Yamaguchi in the southwest, and there are sites worth visiting at all times of year.
We begin here with some sample sites from the Tokyo area as this is where so many visiting birdwatchers arrive. We will continue to add sites for other areas and prefectures.
If you would like to submit information for additional sites, updates to those listed or photographs, please contact Japan Nature Guides.
Amidst the thousands of kilometres of urban and ribbon development, only the hardiest and most flexible species survive in a landscape dominated by man. Oriental Turtle Doves, Brown-eared Bulbuls and Large-billed Crows seem ever-present even in the heart of the largest cities such as Tokyo and Osaka, but leave the cities and you will find a fascinating diversity of natural wildlife. Honshu shares links to the south with Kyushu and Shikoku, but endemic species have evolved here too.
Honshu, Japan's main island, makes up the main part of the range of the Japanese Macaque. A winter visit to the mountains of Nagano Prefecture provides a unique opportunity to watch them bathing in hot-spring waters. The goat/antelope-like Japanese Serow is an animal of forests where snows are deep in winter, and in the same region, in fast-flowing, cold rivers there lives one of Japan’s most extraordinary creatures – the Japanese Giant Salamander. This, the largest of the world’s amphibians, is a lie and wait predator in a habitat that would be occupied by otters elsewhere. High in the Japan Alps one finds not only spectacular views, but also a wonderful array of alpine flowers and butterflies, and an unexpected relict from the last ice-age – a small population of Rock Ptarmigan, a grouse-like species known locally as the Thunder Bird.
Some species range throughout the Japanese archipelago, being found on almost all major and minor islands, such as the Japanese Pygmy Woopdecker, while others, such as the Lidth's Jay are confined to just one or two of the islands.
© 2012 Mark Brazil & Chris Cook
Last updated: 20120822